Apiculture which aims to take the honey is called beekeeping. People who breed called beekeepers. In addition to honey, farmers can obtain another result of bees bred in the form of beeswax, pollen, and royal jelly.Professional beekeepers who knows exactly when to harvest honey, and how much honey that can be taken without damaging the bee hive. It only took a nest containing honey cook, and do not damage the bee colony development and population.Honey farms in Indonesia has been known since the Dutch colonial era. This is evidenced by the inscription D.Horst (1861), Belpe (1879), and Hoekam (1929) which describes the technology honey farms in Indonesia. Between the years 1918-1930 the Dutchman managed honeybee merngembangkan peternakaan Purworedjo and Purwokerto. As a result of World War II broke out, the effort suffered a setback.A. Back InitiatedYears 1964-1971 Drs. Ketut Patra, a pharmacist, have developed honey farms in Bali. However, maintenance of honey bees began to emerge in the form of company in Indonesia in early 1968 in Jakarta. Mastio Apiaris corporate entrepreneur. In 1973 the honey bee company spread its wings to Sukabumi. The company was importing seed honey bee Apis mellifera ahead of Australia. Results honey bees is much more superior than the local bees Apis indica, which is the spread of tropical honeybees in the continent of Asia.Honey bee breeding business attracted national scouts, who gave birth to Apiari Scouts. Apiari Scouting is the brainchild of the late Lt. Gen. (ret.) HM Sarbini since August 1971. Then on 20 April 1972 it received donations beekeeping institute 25 boxes (stup) superior bee Apis mellifera from Mrs. G.N. Frost, President of the Australian Freedom From Champaign Committee. It was the first capital assistance for Apiari Scouts to hold the first modern beekeeping in Indonesia. Apiari Scouts held the first bee grazing in gardens Siluwok PTP XVIII (Batang, Central Java). The first honey harvest took place in August 1973 by President Soeharto. Further development, Apiari Scouts always imported seeds ahead of the Australian honey bee. November 1975 officially became a member Apimondia Apiari, the World Organization of Animal Bee.Apiari Scout activity was then followed by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Perum Perhutani since 1974. Born later beekeeping project in Mount Arca, Sukabumi, which is used as a pilot model honey bee farm in Indonesia. Since then Perum Perhutani active beekeeping business move among forest communities and provide assistance to the community stup. The number reached 38 333 copies to 1988, and increased until 1994 stup 6141.1975 Bee Ranch Seminar took place in Jakarta. In the seminar, among others, discussed the problems of modern beekeeping.
B. Modern Ranch BeesTo improve the quality of polygyny bees in Indonesia, Apairi Scouts entered into a collaboration dengna Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Industry, Health, Interior, and research institutions. 1991 set up a strategy to grow the spirit of self-sufficiency harapatn honeybee Chairman diprakarsi national scouts, Mashudi, when Honey Bees Instructor Training takes place in July in Central Scouting Apairi Cibubur, East Jakarta.At that time, Mashudi confirmed that Indonesia could become the world's largest honey producers because it has 43 million acres of the 202 million hectares of forest that can be used as dwelling honeybees. In 1991, the number of honey bee colonies cultivated has peak at 88 998. A total of 32,000 colonies in Java that are cultivated by 13,500 farmers. Per honeybee colony can produce 30-40 kg of honey per year. Indonesia is actually fitted to the beekeeping business. The reason is, Indonesia is very rich variety of flowering plants and crops that can be grown throughout the year. Berbungan season, honey production will be abundant if farmers really skillfully manage farm bees. The problem, honeybee cultivation by people from year to year because the ebb and flow of production is highly dependent on the state of bee forage plants in the field, climatic conditions (weather), the quality of cultivated bee colonies, bee colonies are moved or split, pest nuisance, beekeepers skills in cultivation techniques, production and marketing.The economic value of honey bees as a producer of high-and wax. In an area rich with floral sources of honey can be produced as much as 200 kg / colony / year. In addition to honey, from the bee farms can also be harvested results royal jelly, pollen, propolis and bee venom.Honeybee cultivation prospects are very good for honey production that has existed far from the total demand of 300,000 tonnes of honey per year. Shortage in the market still terutup honey with honey imports.

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